Weping and wayling; an expression caught from l. Yet in fourteen MSS. Whenever this Apostle is mentioned, he is nearly always said to be of India, to distinguish him, it may be, from Saint Thomas of Canterbury.
Life Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere manuscript Chaucer was born circa in London, though the exact date and location of his birth are not known. His father and grandfather were both London vintners and before that, for several generations, the family members were merchants in Ipswich.
His name is derived from the French chausseur, meaning shoemaker. There are few details of Chaucer's early life and education but compared with near contemporary poets, William Langland and the Pearl Poethis life is well documented, with nearly five hundred written items testifying to his career.
The first time he is mentioned is inin the household accounts of Elizabeth de Burghthe Countess of Ulsterwhen he became the noblewoman's page through his father's connections.
Inhe was captured during the siege of Rheimsbecoming a prisoner of war. After this, Chaucer's life is uncertain, but he seems to have traveled in France, Spain, and Flanderspossibly as a messenger and perhaps even going on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. AroundChaucer married Philippa de Roet.
It is uncertain how many children Chaucer and Philippa had, but three or four are most commonly cited. His son, Thomas Chaucerhad an illustrious career, as chief butler to four kings, envoy to France, and Speaker of the House of Commons.
Thomas' daughter, Alice, married the Duke of Suffolk.
Geoffrey's other children probably included Elizabeth Chaucy, a nun at Barking Abbey. Chaucer may have studied law in the Inner Temple an Inn of Court at about this time, although definite proof is lacking.
He became a member of the royal court of Edward III as a varlet de chambreyeomanor esquire on 20 Junea position which could entail any number of jobs. His wife also received a pension for court employment. He traveled abroad many times, at least some of them in his role as a valet.
Two other literary stars of the era were in attendance: Jean Froissart and Petrarch. Around this time, Chaucer is believed to have written The Book of the Duchess in honour of Blanche of Lancasterthe late wife of John of Gaunt, who died in Chaucer traveled to Picardy the next year as part of a military expedition, and visited Genoa and Florence in It is speculated that, on this Italian trip, he came into contact with Petrarch or Boccaccio.
They introduced him to medieval Italian poetrythe forms and stories of which he would use later.
Later documents suggest it was a mission, along with Jean Froissart, to arrange a marriage between the future King Richard II and a French princess, thereby ending the Hundred Years War. If this was the purpose of their trip, they seem to have been unsuccessful, as no wedding occurred.
It is on the person of Hawkwood that Chaucer based the character of the Knight in the Canterbury Tales, whose description matches that of a fourteenth-century condottiere.
A 19th century depiction of Chaucer A possible indication that his career as a writer was appreciated came when Edward III granted Chaucer "a gallon of wine daily for the rest of his life" for some unspecified task.
This was an unusual grant, but given on a day of celebration, St. George's Day, when artistic endeavours were traditionally rewarded, it is assumed to have been another early poetic work. It is not known which, if any, of Chaucer's extant works prompted the reward, but the suggestion of poet to a king places him as a precursor to later poets laureate.
Chaucer continued to collect the liquid stipend until Richard II came to power, after which it was converted to a monetary grant on 18 April Chaucer obtained the very substantial job of Comptroller of the Customs for the port of London, which he began on 8 June His life goes undocumented for much of the next ten years, but it is believed that he wrote or began most of his famous works during this period.
He was mentioned in law papers of 4 Mayinvolved in the raptus of Cecilia Chaumpaigne. What raptus means, rape or possibly kidnapping, is unclear, but the incident seems to have been resolved quickly and did not leave a stain on Chaucer's reputation.
It is not known if Chaucer was in the city of London at the time of the Peasants' Revoltbut if he was, he would have seen its leaders pass almost directly under his apartment window at Aldgate. He is thought to have started work on The Canterbury Tales in the early s.
He also became a Member of Parliament for Kent in There is no further reference after this date to Philippa, Chaucer's wife, and she is presumed to have died in He survived the political upheavals caused by the Lords Appellantsdespite the fact that Chaucer knew well some of the men executed over the affair.
On 12 JulyChaucer was appointed the clerk of the king's worksa sort of foreman organizing most of the king's building projects. George's Chapel, Windsorcontinue building the wharf at the Tower of Londonand build the stands for a tournament held in Geoffrey Chaucer is a new favorite of mine.
He has an excellent way with words and this story is a great example of that. “The Franklin’s Tale” was a very good story with a great ending/5(11). John Chaucer was an affluent wine merchant and deputy to the king's butler. Through his father's connections, Geoffrey held several positions early in his life, serving as a noblewoman's page, a courtier, a diplomat, a civil servant, and a collector of scrap metal.
Chaucer wrote 'The Franklin's Tale' in the 'Franklin's Tale' provides a more moderate conclusion to the marriage group. Chaucer wrote 'The The Knight's Tale in The Canterbury Tales: Theme. the miller's tale Prologue: The ideal order breaks down into realistic randomness and the interplay of characters when the Miller intrudes on the Host's intended introduction of the Monk as the next teller of a tale.
The Wife of Bath’s Prologue confronts many of the misogynistic ideas prevalent in the society of the time. Her most obvious attack is on the institution of marriage is even reflected in her name.
Nov 15, · For use with the AQA English Lit A2 spec - Literature of Love through the Ages - educational purposes only.