The poem appears to be very simple, but it has a hidden meaning to it. The simple words and rhyme scheme of the poem gives it an easy flow, which adds to the calmness of the poem. The rhyme scheme aaba, bbcb, ccdc, dddd and the rhythm iambic tetrameter give the poem a solid structure.
Novel structure[ edit ] Starting with the epigraph and table of contents, Pale Fire looks like the publication of a line poem in four cantos "Pale Fire" by the fictional John Shade with a foreword, extensive commentary, and index by his self-appointed editor, Charles Kinbote. Kinbote's commentary takes the form of notes to various numbered lines of the poem.
Here and in the rest of his critical apparatusKinbote explicates the poem very little. Focusing instead on his own concerns, he divulges what proves to be the plot piece by piece, some of which can be connected by following the many cross-references.
Espen Aarseth noted that Pale Fire "can be read either unicursally, straight through, or multicursally, jumping between the comments and the poem. The novel's unusual structure has attracted much attention, and it is often cited as an important example of metafiction ;    it has also been called a poioumenon.
Kinbote writes his commentary from then to October in a tourist cabin in the equally fictitious western town of Cedarn, Utana. Both authors recount many earlier events, Shade mostly in New Wye and Kinbote in New Wye and in Europe, especially the "distant northern land" of Zembla.
Plot summary[ edit ] Shade's poem digressively describes many aspects of his life. Canto 1 includes his early encounters with death and glimpses of what he takes to be the supernatural.
Canto 2 is about his family and the apparent suicide of his daughter, Hazel Shade. Canto 3 focuses on Shade's search for knowledge about an afterlife, culminating in a "faint hope" in higher powers "playing a game of worlds" as indicated by apparent coincidences.
Canto 4 offers details on Shade's daily life and creative process, as well as thoughts on his poetry, which he finds to be a means of somehow understanding the universe. In Kinbote's editorial contributions he tells three stories intermixed with each other. One is his own story, notably including what he thinks of as his friendship with Shade.
After Shade was murdered, Kinbote acquired the manuscript, including some variants, and has taken it upon himself to oversee the poem's publication, telling readers that it lacks only line King Charles escaped imprisonment by Soviet -backed revolutionaries, making use of a secret passage and brave adherents in disguise.
Kinbote repeatedly claims that he inspired Shade to write the poem by recounting King Charles's escape to him and that possible allusions to the king, and to Zembla, appear in Shade's poem, especially in rejected drafts. However, no explicit reference to King Charles is to be found in the poem.
Kinbote's third story is that of Gradus, an assassin dispatched by the new rulers of Zembla to kill the exiled King Charles.
In the last note, to the missing lineKinbote narrates how Gradus killed Shade by mistake. Towards the end of the narrative, Kinbote all but explicates that he is in fact the exiled King Charles, living incognito; however, enough details throughout the story, as well as direct statements of ambiguous sincerity by Kinbote towards the novel's end, suggest that King Charles and Zembla are both fictitious.
In the latter interpretation, Kinbote is delusional and has built an elaborate picture of Zembla complete with samples of a constructed language as a by-product of insanity; similarly, Gradus was simply an unhinged man trying to kill Shade, and his backstory as a revolutionary assassin is also made up.
Nabokov said in an interview that Kinbote committed suicide after finishing the book. Explanation of the title[ edit ] As Nabokov pointed out himself,  the title of John Shade's poem is from Shakespeare 's Timon of Athens: Kinbote quotes the passage but does not recognize it, as he says he has access only to an inaccurate Zemblan translation of the play "in his Timonian cave", and in a separate note he even rails against the common practice of using quotations as titles.
Some critics have noted a secondary reference in the book's title to Hamletwhere the Ghost remarks how the glow-worm "'gins to pale his uneffectual fire" Act I, scene 5.
Initial reception[ edit ] According to Norman Page, Pale Fire excited as diverse criticism as any of Nabokov's novels. Dwight Macdonald responded by saying the book was "unreadable" and both it and McCarthy's review were as pedantic as Kinbote.
He expanded this essay into a book in which he also argues that, in order to trigger Shade's poem, Hazel Shade's ghost induced Kinbote to recount his Zemblan delusions to Shade. Botkin, to whose delusions John Shade and the rest of the faculty of Wordsmith College generally condescend.
Nabokov himself endorsed this reading, stating in an interview in the novel's year of publication that Pale Fire "is full of plums that I keep hoping somebody will find.
For instance, the nasty commentator is not an ex-King of Zembla nor is he professor Kinbote.Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning..
Poetry has a long history, dating back to prehistorical times with the creation of hunting poetry in. Read Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening free essay and over 88, other research documents.
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening. This essay is included my own understanding, plus some information that I gathered from a /5(1).
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The Woods in Autumn It is not true that the close of a life which ends in a natural fashionlife which is permitted to put on the display of death and to go out in glory-.
Robert Frost is a four-time Pulitzer Prize winning American poet that may possibly have the most impressive poetic writing skill of any writer. The Best-Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis [Caroline Kennedy] on metin2sell.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The Best Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis by Kennedy, Caroline. Published by Hyperion, , Binding: Hardcover Reissue.