The following essay was published in the monthly published for those active as Nazi Party propagandists. The essay is a balance sheet on Nazi propaganda after the first year of the war. It provides a wide range of statistics on propaganda activity.
Propaganda and related concepts Connotations of the term propaganda The word propaganda itself, as used in recent centuries, apparently derives from the title and work of the Congregatio de Propaganda Fide Congregation for Propagation of the Faithan organization of Roman Catholic cardinals founded in to carry on missionary work.
To many Roman Catholics the word may therefore have, at least in missionary or ecclesiastical terms, a highly respectable connotation.
Also, it is reminiscent of countless instances of false and misleading advertising especially in countries using Latin languages, in which propagande commerciale or some equivalent is a common term for commercial advertising.
To informed students of communismthe term propaganda has yet another connotation, associated with the term agitation.
Since he regarded both strategies as absolutely essential to political victory, he twinned them in the term agitprop.
Distinctions are sometimes made Propaganda ww2 essay overt propaganda, in which the propagandist and perhaps his backers are made known to the reactor, and covert propaganda, in which the source is secret or disguised. Covert propaganda might include such things as unsigned political advertisements, clandestine radio stations using false names, and statements by editors, politicians, or others who have been secretly bribed by governments, political backers, or business firms.
Sophisticated diplomatic negotiation, legal argumentcollective bargainingcommercial advertising, and political campaigns are of course quite likely to include considerable amounts of both overt and covert propaganda, accompanied by propaganda of the deed.
Another term related to propaganda is psychological warfare sometimes abbreviated to psychwarwhich is the prewar or wartime use of propaganda directed primarily at confusing or demoralizing enemy populations or troops, putting them off guard in the face of coming attacks, or inducing them to surrender.
Still another related concept is that of brainwashing. This term usually means intensive political indoctrination. The term brainwashing has been widely used in sensational journalism to refer to such activities and to many other activities when they have allegedly been conducted by Maoists in China and elsewhere.
Signs, symbols, and media used in contemporary propaganda The contemporary propagandist with money and imagination can use a very wide range of signssymbols, and media to convey his message. These include sounds, such as words, music, or a gun salvo; gestures a military salute, a thumbed nose ; postures a weary slump, folded arms, a sit-down, an aristocratic bearing ; structures a monument, a building ; items of clothing a uniform, a civilian suit ; visual signs a poster, a flag, a picket sign, a badge, a printed page, a commemorative postage stamp, a swastika scrawled on a wall ; and so on and on.
A symbol is a sign having a particular meaning for a given reactor. Two or more reactors may of course attach quite different meanings to the same symbol. Thus, to Nazis the swastika was a symbol of racial superiority and the crushing military might of the German Volk; to some Asiatic and North American peoples it is a symbol of universal peace and happiness.
Some Christians who find a cross reassuring may find a hammer and sickle displeasing and may derive no religious satisfaction at all from a Muslim crescent, a Hindu cow, or a Buddhist lotus.
The contemporary propagandist can employ elaborate social-scientific research facilities, unknown in previous epochs, to conduct opinion surveys and psychological interviews in efforts to learn the symbolic meanings of given signs for given reactors around the world and to discover what signs leave given reactors indifferent because, to them, these signs are without meaning.
Media are the means—the channels—used to convey signs and symbols to the intended reactor or reactors.
A comprehensive inventory of media used in 20th-century propaganda could cover many pages. Written media include letters, handbills, posters, billboards, newspapers, magazines, books, and handwriting on walls and streets. Among audiovisual media, television may be the most powerful for many purposes.
Television can convey a great many types of signs simultaneously; it can gain heavy impact from mutually reinforcing gestures, words, postures, and sounds and a background of symbolically significant leaders, celebrities, historic settings, architectures, flags, music, placards, maps, uniforms, insignia, cheering or jeering mobs or studio audiences, and staged assemblies of prestigious or powerful people.
The larger the propaganda enterprise, the more important are such mass media as television and the press and also the organizational media—that is, pressure groups set up under leaders and technicians who are skilled in using many sorts of signs and media to convey messages to particular reactors.Essay about American Propaganda During World War II Words | 8 Pages.
No one anticipated the international chaos that would emerge during the twentieth century, especially the devastation caused by World War I, World War II, and the Cold War. Our second essay will create an argument about the nature and purpose of World War II propaganda posters used in the US prior to and during US involvement in the war.
The essay we write will actually include the posters as evidence for the argument. Propaganda essay - Give your essays to the most talented writers. forget about your worries, place your order here and receive your professional project in a few .
War propaganda debuted during World War I and was considered critical to the success of the war effort. Both Great Britain and Germany used propaganda to win U.S. support.
Germany had been trying to garner the sympathies of U.S. citizens of German descent but was cut off from communicating directly with the American public. Propaganda Essay Propaganda as defined by Jowett and O’Donnell “is the deliberate, systematic attempt to shape perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behavior to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist” (Prop, 7).
An Analysis of American Propaganda in World War II and the Vietnam War Connor Foley Submitted in Partial Completion of the Requirements for Commonwealth Honors in History.