It had several large, well-planned cities like Mohenjo-darocommon iconography—and a script no one has been able to understand. Over at Nature, Andrew Robinson looks at the reasons why the Indus Valley script has been so difficult to crack, and details some recent attempts to decipher it. Since we don't know anything about the underlying language and there's no multilingual Rosetta stone, scholars have analyzed its structure for clues and compared it to other scripts.
Check new design of our homepage! Important Facts About the History of the Indus Valley Civilization Indus valley civilization is a rich civilization and one of the most important civilizations that existed in the world. The power, beauty, richness, prosperity, unique culture, etc. Scroll down to learn about the history of Indus valley civilization.
Historyplex Staff Last Updated: Jul 22, Indus valley civilization is one of the first great civilizations in the world history. This civilization originated at the bank of the Indus river valley which is situated in Punjab and Sindh, at approximately BC and flourished until BC.
Some Indian historians believe that it dates back to BC, on the basis of carbon dating evidences. According to Sanskrit language, Indus is called Sindhu, and the river Sarasvati joins it and drains into the sea. So, it is also called Sindhu-Sarasvati civilization.
It is also known as Harappan Civilization. The usage of bronze metals was very prominent and so the civilization derived one more name, Bronze Age Civilization.
Historical Aggregation Importance Like other civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia, the Harappan civilization flourished in a region that despite low rainfall was irrigated by a great river Indus.
The civilization covered a very wide area and the discovery of new sites is constantly extending the known range of its cultural influence. The citadels of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were both built on artificial mounds on riverside sites.
Major buildings were significant and the sanitation and drainage system is one of the hallmarks of Indus civilization which shows careful planning under close state control. Also, this civilization had a highly developed socio-economic system and a fine writing system.
It has left important evidence that depict an important stage in India's history, and also one of the first highly developed urban groups in the world.
Area and Jurisdiction This civilization, originated in India and it extends from the major rivers in India such as Chenab Jammu in the north to Godavari Ahmednagar in the south. It covers around sites in the Kutch-Saurashtra part of Gujarat.
The total area covered by the civilization is 12,99, km2, which extends from the borders of Baluchistan to Rajasthan and from Himalayas to Gujarat. Discovery The Archaeological Department in India, carried out excavations on the banks of the river Indus and Ravi, under the direction of Sir John Hubert Marshall and found Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, the two major cities of this civilization.
One more important city named Lothal was discovered in Ahmedabad of Gujarat in India. The result of these excavations revealed that this civilization existed before the emergence of Aryans in India.
It flourished during the same period when many important and old civilizations such as the Egyptian civilization, Babylonian civilization, Assyrian civilization, etc.
Aspects of Indus Culture The Indus culture remained unchanged for several centuries, but due to geographical locations and resource variations, there were some differences that prevailed in certain regions. For example, people in Mohenjo-daro used baked bricks for construction works, whereas people in Dholavira used stone masonry, because stone is rare in Mohenjo-daro.
They used bronze and copper metals for making tools and weapons, and not iron. They weaved cotton and made clothing. Harappans used bullock or ox carts for their transportation purposes.
Seals that depicted animals such as bulls, rhinos and elephants were prevalent in the civilization. The art and crafts presents the lifestyle of Harappans.
Terracotta objects were very common in the architecture of this civilization. Agriculture The Indus valley people, used irrigation based agriculture, and they grew rice, wheat, barley, etc.
Pea is one of the apparent sources available during this civilization. They used sickles made of stone blades, which are attached to the wooden sticks for cultivation purposes. Political System The merchants and traders took the leadership and made a central government.
They used weapons such as ax, spear, dagger, bow and arrows, etc.The people of the Indus Valley Civilization also developed a writing system which was used for several hundred years.
However, unlike some other ancient civilizations, we are . The Indus Valley Civilisation (perhaps gods), and other types of inscriptions, including the yet un-deciphered writing system of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
Some of the seals were used to stamp clay on trade goods and most probably had other uses as . Is the Indus script indeed not a writing system? Asko Parpola In , Dr.
Parpola published an updated 2nd paper addressing the controversial Farmer thesis Is the Indus script indeed not a writing system? The Indus River Valley Civilization developed a writing system that is still undeciphered to this day. The Indus Valley writing used seals with pictures and symbols on them.
The Indus Valley civilization was very religious because they held sacred animals and they used them in their writing systems. Life in the Ancient Indus River Valley (Peoples of the Ancient World (Paperback)) [Hazel Richardson] on metin2sell.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This book is intended for ages The Indus River Valley was once home to thriving communities of peoples who worked the land now known as Pakistan. Some of the world's oldest civilisations. In order to discover more specific information about the social structure of Indus Valley civilizations, what needs to be done The writing of the civilization must be deciphered By the late Neolithic period, the people of Catal Hüyük had developed the use of.